This was the title of a talk I gave in New Zealand a couple of weeks ago, at Running Hot, a conference for young New Zealand scientists. (The slides are mostly images, so may not be too illuminating.) It was a great meeting. Participants from every field of science and speakers ranging from the Chief Scientific Advisor for Scotland to the Dean of Holy Trinity Cathedral, Auckland discussed what it means to be a working scientist, and to support science, in a country of 4M people.
In my talk I discussed the impact of information technology on the practice of science: